Overweight and obesity relate to body weights that are higher than what is considered normal or healthy for a given height. Being overweight can also be caused by additional muscle, bone, or water. Obese people typically have excessive body fat. The body mass index (BMI) is one method for determining if you are a healthy weight, overweight, or obese. The BMI is a formula that assesses your weight in relation to your height. The higher your BMI, the more likely you are to suffer from the health problems linked with being overweight or obese.

If you are overweight or obese, reaching and maintaining a healthy weight may be a long-term battle. Maintaining a healthy weight or, if you are currently overweight, avoiding gaining any additional weight can help reduce your risk of having certain health problems. Obese persons, according to medical professionals, should reduce weight. Most persons who are overweight and have one or more risk factors for heart disease should reduce their weight


The following are the health risks caused by obesity:

  1. High blood pressure
  2. Diabetes
  3. Stroke
  4. Heart diseases
  5. Sleep apnea
  6. Metabolic syndrome
  7. Fatty liver diseases
  8. Osteoarthritis
  9. Gall bladder diseases
  10. Pregnancy problems


  1. Healthy eating

When beginning a healthy eating plan, those who are overweight or obese should also begin regular physical exercise. Being physically active may help you burn calories. 

  1. Herbal/allopathic medications

When a healthy diet and regular physical activity are insufficient, your doctor may prescribe drugs to treat obesity and overweight. While using weight-loss drugs, you should try to stick to your healthy eating plan and keep up with your usual physical activity.

  1. Surgery

Bariatric surgery refers to a variety of procedures that help you lose weight by altering your digestive system. If you have severe obesity and have not been able to lose enough weight to improve your health or avoid regaining the weight you lost with previous therapies, bariatric surgery may be a possibility for you. If you have major health problems associated with obesity, such as type 2 diabetes or sleep apnea, bariatric surgery may be a possibility at lower levels of obesity. Many of the medical issues associated with obesity, particularly type 2 diabetes, can be improved through bariatric surgery.

  1. Intermittent fasting

Intermittent fasting is another method of limiting food consumption that is gaining popularity as a weight management and health benefits strategy. One kind of intermittent fasting is alternate-day fasting, which consists of a “fast day” (eating no calories to one-fourth of caloric needs) followed by a “fed day,” or a day of unlimited eating.

  1. Calorie diet

Your doctor may advise you to follow a lower-calorie diet of 1,200 to 1,500 calories per day for women and 1,500 to 1,800 calories per day for males. The number of calories you consume is determined by your body weight and the amount of physical activity. A low-calorie diet rich in a range of healthful foods can provide you with the nutrients you require to stay healthy.

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